How Are Manufactured Homes Installed: A Step-by-Step Guide

Have you ever wondered how manufactured homes are installed? Whether you’re a first-time homebuyer or a seasoned homeowner, the process of installing a manufactured home can seem daunting. But fear not! In this article, we’ll walk you through the steps of how manufactured homes are installed, so you can have a better understanding of what goes into this fascinating process.

To begin, manufactured homes are built in a factory and transported to their final destination on a flatbed truck. Once the home arrives at its destination, it’s placed onto a foundation, which could either be a concrete slab or a crawl space. From there, the home is secured onto its foundation using straps or anchor bolts. Finally, utilities such as water, electricity, and gas are hooked up so that the home is fully functional.

While the installation of a manufactured home may seem straightforward, it’s important to note that there are strict regulations and quality control measures in place to ensure that the home is safe and structurally sound. So the next time you’re driving past a manufactured home, remember the careful planning and hard work that went into its installation.

The Preparation of the Site

Before a manufactured home can be installed, the site must be properly prepared. This includes taking a variety of factors into consideration to ensure that the home will be level, secured, and safe to live in.

  • The first step in preparing the site is to clear any debris or obstacles that may be in the way. This includes trees, rocks, and other items that could impede the placement of the home.
  • Next, the site must be graded to create a level surface. The ground must be graded evenly to prevent the home from shifting or settling in one spot.
  • The site should also be properly compacted to provide a solid foundation. If the site is not compacted properly, it can lead to shifting, settling, and other issues that could affect the stability of the home.

In addition to preparing the site itself, the utilities must also be considered. This includes ensuring that the site has access to electricity, water, and sewage systems. These utilities must be properly connected and installed to ensure that they are safe and functional.

Overall, the preparation of the site is a crucial step in the installation of a manufactured home. It ensures that the home is protected from potential hazards and that its occupants will have a safe and comfortable place to live.

The Foundation System

Before any manufactured home can be installed, a sturdy and solid foundation system must be in place. This foundation system is crucial to ensuring that the home is safe, secure, and will remain level over time. The following section will discuss some of the important details of foundation systems for manufactured homes.

Types of Foundation Systems

  • Crawlspace foundation: This type of foundation is made up of a raised platform that supports the home’s weight, with a space between the platform and the ground. The crawlspace provides access for maintenance and repairs to the home’s plumbing, electrical, and HVAC systems.
  • Basement foundation: A basement foundation is similar to a crawlspace foundation, but with the addition of a partial or full basement underneath the home. This can provide additional living space and storage options.
  • Slab foundation: In this type of foundation, a concrete slab is poured directly on top of the ground. The home is then anchored to the slab, providing a sturdy base for the structure.

Preparing the Foundation Site

Before any type of foundation can be installed, the site must be properly prepared. This includes clearing the area of any trees or debris, leveling the ground, and grading the soil to ensure proper drainage. The foundation site must also be properly inspected to ensure that it is suitable for the type of foundation being installed.

Once the site is prepared, the foundation system can be installed. This typically involves placing a series of concrete footings or piers in the ground, then attaching the foundation system to the footings or piers. The home is then attached to the foundation system, typically with the use of steel anchors.

Foundation Requirements

The foundation system for a manufactured home must meet certain requirements to ensure that it is safe and stable. These requirements are typically set by state or local building codes and can include specifications such as:

Requirement Description
Load-bearing capacity The foundation system must be strong enough to support the weight of the home, as well as any occupants or belongings inside.
Drainage The foundation system must be designed to allow for proper drainage to prevent water damage and moisture buildup.
Height The foundation system must be installed at a certain height above the ground to prevent flooding and water damage.

Meeting these requirements is essential to ensuring that the foundation system is safe and secure for occupants of the manufactured home.

The Transportation of the Home

Manufactured homes are typically built in a factory, unlike site-built homes that are constructed on-site. Once the building process is completed, the next step is transporting the manufactured home to its destination. This is a complex process that requires careful planning and execution to ensure that the home arrives safely and intact. Here are some of the key aspects of home transportation:

  • Size and Weight: Manufactured homes are designed to be transportable, but their size and weight can present challenges. Depending on the design and materials used, the home can weigh anywhere from 10,000 to 35,000 pounds. This means that specialized equipment is necessary for hauling the home, including flatbed or lowboy trailers and heavy-duty trucks.
  • Permits and Regulations: Moving a manufactured home is subject to local regulations and permits. Laws vary from state to state, but typically, permits are required for oversized loads, and the transportation company must have insurance coverage to cover potential damages during transit. Certain roads and bridges may also have weight restrictions, which can impact the route selected.
  • Route Planning: The route that the transportation company chooses will depend on a variety of factors, such as the size of the home, the location of the factory, and any potential road restrictions. In some cases, the home may need to be transported in sections and reassembled on-site, which can require additional planning and coordination.

The Setup Process

Once the home has arrived at its destination, the next step is to set it up on the foundation. This process includes:

  • Foundation Preparation: Before the home can be installed, the foundation must be properly prepared. This involves leveling the ground, pouring a concrete slab, and installing any necessary utilities, such as water and electricity.
  • Installation: The home is then lifted off the transportation vehicle and carefully positioned on the foundation. This typically requires hydraulic lifts and jacks to ensure that the home is level and secure. Once the home is in place, it is anchored to the foundation to prevent movement or damage from storms or earthquakes.
  • Utility Connections: After the installation is completed, the final step is to connect the utilities, such as plumbing, electricity, and HVAC systems. This is a critical step that is inspected by local code enforcement officials to ensure compliance with building codes and safety standards.


Transporting and installing a manufactured home is a complex process that requires specialized equipment, planning, and coordination. To ensure a safe and successful installation, it is essential to work with experienced professionals who can manage each step of the process from start to finish.

Pros Cons
Manufactured homes can be built in a factory, which can reduce construction costs and times. Transporting and installing a manufactured home can be difficult due to their size and weight.
Manufactured homes can be customized to meet the specific needs of the homeowner. The process of transporting and installing a manufactured home is subject to local regulations and permits, which can vary from state to state.
Manufactured homes are often more energy-efficient and eco-friendly than site-built homes. Financing can be more difficult to obtain for manufactured homes compared to site-built homes.

The Setting of the Home onto the Foundation

After the foundation is complete, the manufactured home is transported to the site. The process of setting up usually starts with placing the steel frame onto the foundation. This frame acts as the skeleton of the home and is securely bolted to the foundation to form a sturdy base.

  • The next step involves attaching the plumbing and electrical lines to the home.
  • The home is then lowered onto the foundation using hydraulics and a crane. This process should be done with utmost care to avoid any damage to the structure.
  • The end walls of the home are then secured to the foundation, followed by the roof being secured to the home. This helps to ensure the home is stable and secure.

Once the home is in place, the finishing touches can be added. This includes connecting utilities such as water, gas, and electricity. The skirting that encloses the area beneath the home is also installed to help protect the foundation and improve the home’s appearance.

The setting of the home onto the foundation can take around one to three days, depending on the size and complexity of the structure. A team of experienced installers will ensure the process is carried out safely and efficiently, allowing you to move into your new home as quickly as possible.

Step Description
Step 1: Attach plumbing and electrical lines to the home
Step 2: Lower the home onto the foundation using hydraulics and a crane
Step 3: Secure the end walls of the home to the foundation
Step 4: Secure the roof to the home
Step 5: Connect utilities such as water, gas, and electricity
Step 6: Install the skirting to enclose the area beneath the home

The setting of the home onto the foundation is a crucial step in the entire installation process. With the right tools and knowledge, the installers will ensure that the manufactured home is set up correctly and in the shortest time possible.

The Installation of the Utilities

When it comes to installing a manufactured home, one of the most critical aspects to consider is the installation of utilities. Utilities are the essential services like electricity, water, and gas that are required to make a manufactured home habitable. Here’s what you need to know about the installation of utilities:

  • Electricity – One of the most important aspects of the installation of utilities is the installation of electrical service. When a manufactured home is installed, the electrical service must be connected to the home’s power supply. It’s essential to make sure that the electrical system can handle the requirements of the home. Electrical service providers will install a meter base on the exterior wall of the home to measure the home’s energy consumption.
  • Water – The installation of water service involves connecting the home’s plumbing system to the water main. It’s essential to ensure that there are no leaks or damage to the pipes. After the installation is complete, a water meter will be installed outside the home to measure the water usage.
  • Gas – If the manufactured home uses gas, the installation of gas service is necessary. This includes connecting the home’s gas lines to the gas main. Once gas service is established, a gas meter will be installed outside the home to measure gas consumption.

Permits and Inspections

Before installing utilities in a manufactured home, it’s essential to obtain the necessary permits and schedule inspections. This ensures that the utility installation process complies with local building codes and regulations. The utility companies themselves can help obtain these permits and schedule inspections.

Costs of Utility Installation

The cost of utility installation can vary depending on the area and the type of utility that needs to be installed. It’s best to contact the utility companies in the area to obtain cost estimates. It’s important to budget for utility installation costs, as they can be a significant expense of the overall home installation process.

The Bottom Line

Utility Description
Electricity Connection to home’s power supply with installation of a meter base to measure energy consumption.
Water Connection of home’s plumbing system to water main with installation of a water meter to measure water usage.
Gas Connection of home’s gas lines to the gas main with installation of a gas meter to measure gas consumption.

The installation of utilities is an essential component of the manufactured home installation process. It’s crucial to obtain the necessary permits and schedule inspections to ensure that the installation process is compliant with local building codes and regulations. The cost of utility installation varies depending on the area and type of utility required, and it’s important to budget accordingly. With proper installation and maintenance, manufactured homes can provide comfortable and affordable living for years to come.

The Sealing of the Perimeter

When it comes to installing a manufactured home, the sealing of the perimeter is an important step to ensure its stability, durability, and safety. The perimeter of the home is sealed in order to prevent water, pests, and other elements from entering the home’s foundation and causing potential damage. Here’s a closer look at how the sealing of the perimeter is done:

  • The first step is to prepare the ground surface where the home will be installed. The site must be leveled, free of debris, and properly graded for drainage.
  • Next, a layer of crushed stone is added to the ground surface to provide a solid and stable foundation for the home.
  • The home’s frame is then securely anchored to the ground using bolts or straps to ensure its stability in high winds and inclement weather.

Once the home is anchored to the ground, the perimeter is then sealed with a combination of materials to prevent water and pests from entering. The most common sealing materials used include:

  • Backer rod and caulk: This is a flexible foam material that is inserted into gaps and joints around the perimeter and then sealed with caulk to prevent water penetration.
  • Flashing: This is a thin metal or plastic material that is used around the perimeter of the home to direct water away from the foundation and prevent it from entering.
  • Skirting: This is a type of siding material that is installed around the base of the home to conceal the foundation and prevent pests from entering.

A high-quality sealing system is crucial to the longevity and safety of manufactured homes. It is important to have a professional installer handle the sealing of the perimeter and ensure that all materials and methods used meet local and state building codes.

Pros of sealing Cons of not sealing
Prevents water and moisture damage to the foundation Increased risk of water damage and mold growth
Prevents pest infestations Increased risk of pest infestations and damage to the structure
Helps maintain stable temperatures and reduce energy costs Increased energy costs and potential discomfort due to fluctuating temperatures

Overall, the sealing of the perimeter is a critical step in the installation of a manufactured home. It ensures the safety and durability of the home for years to come, as well as protects it from potential damage caused by water and pests. It is important to work with a professional and experienced installer to ensure that the sealing is done correctly and meets all local and state building codes.

The Installation of the Roof

Completing a manufactured home’s installation can be tricky, but with the right help and planning, homeowners can enjoy their new home in no time. One important aspect of the installation process is the installation of the roof. Here’s what’s involved:

  • Preparation: Before the roofing material is installed, the roof surface must be cleaned, inspected, and prepared. This includes removing any debris or old materials from the roof surface, and making any necessary repairs to the roof deck or structure.
  • Roof Sheathing: Once the roof surface is ready, the roof sheathing is laid down and secured to the roof trusses or rafters. This sheathing acts as the base for the roofing materials that will be added later on.
  • Roofing Materials: There are many different types of roofing materials available for manufactured homes, including shingles, metal roofing, and even rubber roofing. The type of material used will depend on the homeowner’s preferences, budget, climate, and other factors.

After the roofing materials have been selected, the installation process continues:

  • Underlayment: Before the roofing materials are installed, a layer of underlayment is added to the roof surface. This provides an extra layer of protection between the roofing materials and the roof deck, and helps to prevent leaks and other damage.
  • Flashing: To ensure that the roof is watertight, flashing is added to the areas where the roof meets other surfaces, such as walls, chimneys, or vents. The flashing is installed before the roofing materials are added, and helps to prevent water from seeping into the home through gaps or cracks in the roof.
  • Roofing Materials Installation: Finally, the roofing materials themselves are installed. This often involves laying down asphalt shingles or metal panels in specific patterns or rows, securing the materials to the roof surface, and ensuring that everything is watertight and secure.

Overall, the installation of the roof is a crucial part of completing a manufactured home installation. Homeowners should work closely with their contractor or installer to ensure that the roof is installed correctly and to their satisfaction. With proper installation, the manufactured home’s roof can provide many years of protection and beauty for homeowners to enjoy.

The Installation of the Siding

One of the most important steps in installing a manufactured home is the installation of the siding. The siding not only adds curb appeal to the home, but it also protects it from various weather elements. Here’s a closer look at the installation of the siding:

  • Preparation: Before the installation, the contractor will inspect the home and ensure that the surface is clean, smooth, and ready for the siding. The installation process may vary depending on the type of siding used, but most will require a starter strip to be installed at the bottom of the wall.
  • Vertical installation: Once the starter strip is in place, the contractor will start installing the siding panels vertically, beginning at one corner of the home and working their way across. Each panel should overlap the previous one to provide a seamless finish.
  • Horizontal installation: The contractor will continue installing the panels horizontally, ensuring that the panels overlap appropriately. They may also need to cut panels to fit around windows, doors, and other obstacles.

It’s important to note that the type of siding used can greatly impact the overall installation process. For example, vinyl siding is a popular choice due to its durability and easy installation. On the other hand, wood siding may require more prep work and may also need to be painted or stained.

If you’re installing the siding yourself, it’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and ensure that all panels are installed correctly. Improper installation can lead to leaks, drafts, and other issues that can ultimately damage the home.

Pros of Vinyl Siding Cons of Vinyl Siding
Easy to install Can crack or break in extreme weather conditions
Durable May fade or discolor over time
Low maintenance Can’t be painted or stained

In conclusion, the installation of the siding is a critical step in ensuring that a manufactured home is protected from various weather elements and has added curb appeal. Whether you’re hiring a contractor or doing it yourself, it’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and select the right type of siding for your needs.

The Finishing Touches

Manufactured homes are known for their quick installation process. The installation team completes the construction of the home inside the factory, ships it to the site, and quickly puts it together on its permanent foundation. Once the home is in place, the team adds final touches to ensure that the home is up to code and ready for occupancy. In this article, we will take a closer look at the finishing touches in the installation process of manufactured homes.

The landscaping

  • The first thing that the installation team will do once the home is in place is assess the landscaping. The team will level the area around the house and add necessary drainage and irrigation solutions
  • After the groundwork is laid, the installation team will add a porch, decks, driveway, and sidewalks around the home.
  • The team will also install gutters and downspouts to direct water away from the home.

The utilities

After making sure the landscaping is in place, the installation team will connect the home to utilities which include:

  • Electricity
  • Water
  • Gas

The Interior and Exterior Finishes

The installation team will handle fitting the home with the necessary finishes both inside and outside.

  • Outside Finishes: The team will install skirting around the base of the home to add to its appearance and protection.
  • Inside Finishes: The installation team will finalize the connection and placement of important fixtures, like light fixtures, bathroom fixtures, and appliances.
  • The process of adding the final finishes will be procedure dependent and vary from state to state

Final Inspection

Once all the finishes are in place, a final inspection will be conducted. The installation team will check that all the electrical systems are correctly installed, all necessary permits have been obtained, and that everything has been judged up to state code.

Item Description
Insulation The insulation around the home must meet state requirements. This check ensures that the home is energy efficient and can minimize costs for the owner.
Ventilation The ventilation of the home must be done appropriately to avoid dust build-up, moisture control, and air circulation.
Plumbing This check ensures that plumbing connections are rightly set up, efficient use of water, and there are no leakages.
Electrical This ensures the electrical fixtures are safe to use and the correct installation of switches and outlets.

Once the installation team confirms that everything adheres to the building code requirements and is in a usable condition, the home is then ready for occupancy.

The Final Inspection

Once the manufactured home has been placed on the foundation, the final inspection takes place. This is a crucial step in ensuring that the home has been installed correctly and in compliance with all building codes and regulations.

  • Inspection by the manufacturer: Prior to the final inspection, the manufacturer will perform a thorough inspection of the home to ensure that it meets all quality standards and specifications.
  • Inspection by the local authority: The local authority responsible for building inspections will conduct the final inspection. This may include a review of all required documentation, a visual inspection of the home, and testing of all systems and appliances.
  • Inspection by the homeowner: The homeowner should also conduct a final walk-through to ensure that everything is in good working condition and that there are no issues that need to be addressed before occupancy.

The final inspection may result in approval or rejection of the installation. If any issues are found during the inspection, they must be corrected before the home is occupied. Once the final inspection has been passed and all necessary permits and approvals have been obtained, the manufactured home is considered ready for occupancy.

Overall, the final inspection is a critical step in the installation process of a manufactured home as it ensures that the home is safe, compliant, and ready for occupancy. It is important to follow all building codes and regulations in order to pass the final inspection and avoid any issues that may arise in the future.

Items Checked During the Final Inspection Requirement
Foundation and anchoring system Installed and inspected by a certified professional
Electrical and plumbing systems Inspected for proper installation and functioning
Heating and cooling systems Inspected for proper installation and functioning
Smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors Installed and functioning properly
Structural integrity of the home Inspected for any damage or defects

By ensuring that all items on the final inspection checklist are in compliance, homeowners can rest assured that their manufactured home has been properly installed and is safe for occupancy.

FAQs: How are manufactured homes installed?

1. What is the process of installing a manufactured home?

Firstly, a foundation is prepared where the home will be placed. Then the home is transported to the site and lowered onto the foundation. Finally, the utilities are connected.

2. Can manufactured homes be installed on any type of foundation?

No, manufactured homes are designed to be placed on specific types of foundations. The most common types are pier and beam, slab, and basement foundations.

3. Who is responsible for preparing the foundation?

Typically, the homeowner is responsible for preparing the foundation. However, some manufacturers offer services to help with the foundation preparation.

4. Is there a permit required for installing a manufactured home?

Yes, a permit is required for the installation of a manufactured home. The requirements vary by state, so check with your local government or manufacturer for more information.

5. How long does it take to install a manufactured home?

The installation of a manufactured home usually takes between 1-3 days.

6. Can I install a manufactured home myself?

No, installing a manufactured home is a complex process that requires specific tools and knowledge. It is recommended to hire a professional installer.

7. What should I do if I have issues with the installation?

If you have issues with the installation of your manufactured home, contact the manufacturer or installer immediately. They will be able to help you resolve any issues.

Closing: Thank you for reading!

We hope this article has answered your questions about how manufactured homes are installed. Remember to always consult with a professional installer and check local regulations when installing your home. Thank you for reading and we hope you come back again soon for more helpful articles!